Thursday, July 28, 2011



        CALABARZON is one of the regions of the Philippines. It is also designated as Region IV-A and its regional capital is Calamba City in Laguna. The region is composed of five provinces, namely: CAvite, LAguna, BAtangas, Rizal, and QueZON; the region's name is formed from the names of these provinces.
The region is located in southwestern Luzon, just south and east of Metro Manila and is the second most densely populated region
        CALABARZON and MIMAROPA were previously combined together as Southern Tagalog, until they were separated in 2002.
Executive Order No. 246, dated October 28, 2003, designated Calamba City as the regional center of CALABARZON.
        Region IV-A had a very important role in the history of the Philippines. Philippine independence was held by 1st Philippine president, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo in on June 12, 1898.
People from Batangas, Cavite and Laguna were a part of those who first revolted against the Spaniards for freedom. While the Philippines' national hero, Dr. Jose P. Rizal was born in Calamba, Laguna. Apolinario Mabini, was born in Tanauan City, Batangas

        The eight primary rays of the sun found in the Philippine Flag represent the first eight provinces (Batangas, Bulacan, CaviteLaguna, Manila, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, and Tarlac) that sought independence from Spain and were placed under martial law by the Spaniards at the start of the Philippine Revolution in 1896.

        On August 7, 2000, the municipality of Los Baños, Laguna was declared as a "Special Science and Nature City of the Philippines" through Presidential Proclamation No. 349 in recognition of its importance as a center for science and technology, being home to many prestigious educational, environmental and research institutions. However, this proclamation does not convert the municipality to a city, nor gives it corporate powers that are accorded to other cities.

Cavite - A Place With A Glorious Past

        The province of Cavite abounds with great objects, and subjects, of culture and history. It is the birthplace of a good number of Filipino heroes and it has an interesting range of sites associated with the Philippine Revolution of 1896. Found in the province is the residence of the first president of the republic, Emilio Aguinaldo, which is also the site where the Philippine Republic was proclaimed on June 12, 1898.

        A province not constrained with living in the past, Cavite teems with natural resources and fantastic landscapes. It is home to Tagaytay City, the Philippines’ second summer capital, next to Baguio City. The accessing highway offers a breathtaking sight of the world-famous Taal formation, a crater within an island within a lake. Coconut groves dot the ridges of Tagaytay and classy accommodations give the visiting tourists the pleasures of relaxation, and at the same time, wide opportunities to enjoy the magnificent view of Taal.

        Yet Cavite stands proudly as a place with a glorious past. Its warm and friendly people, whose ancestors fought for a noble cause, manifest industry and patience in various skills and professions, openly receptive to the entry and exchange of culture and technology that are of value to this wondrous province.

        Cavite province lies at the southwest entrance of Manila Bay across the Bataan Peninsula, extending eastward along the shore line up to the historic Zapote Bridge, and the inland terrain in the south, to the municipality of Carmona. It is bounded on the east by the provinces of Rizal and Laguna, on the south by the province of Batangas, on the west by the South China Sea, and on the north by Manila Bay and the city of Manila.

        Cavite has two pronounced seasons – the dry season, which usually begins in November and ends in April, and the rainy season, which starts in May and ends in October. Cavite’s cool periods are from December to February while summer months are from April to May.

        Cavite’s 805,800-strong labor force comprises 54.12% of the provincial household population, 15 years old and above, and most of them are in agriculture, forestry, fishing tourism, trade, and industry. Underemployment rate is 9.66% while literacy rate stands at a high 98%, making the province a reliable source of proficient, skilled, and semi-skilled labor force.

Language/ Dialect
        Majority speak Tagalog while those in Cavite City and in some areas speak Chabacano. English is considered as the second language and is widely used as medium of communication in business and higher education. Other indigenous languages are Waray, Bicolano, Cebuano, Ilokano, Pangasinense, and Hiligaynon. Chinese and Spanish are also spoken by some local residents.

Political Subdivision
        The province of Cavite has three cities and 20 municipalities. The provincial capitol is located in Imus but the seat of the provincial government is Trece Martires, provincial capital. The three cities are Cavite, Trece Martires, and Tagaytay.

  1. *Alfonso
  2. *Amadeo
  3. *Bacoor,
  4. *Carmona
  5. *Dasmariñas
  6. *Gen. Aguinaldo
  7. *Gen. Alvarez
  8. *Gren. Trias
  9. *Imus
  10. *Indang
  11. *Kawit,
  12. *Magallanes
  13. *Maragondon
  14. *Mendez
  15. *Naic
  16. *Noveleta
  17. *Rosarion
  18. *Silang
  19. *Tanza
  20. *Ternate

        Cavite got its name from the Filipino word ”Kawit,” which means hook, owing to the hook-shaped land on the old Spanish map. The land formerly known as “Tangway” was where the Spanish authorities constructed a fort on which the city of Cavite rose. Archeological evidence in coastal areas shows prehistoric settlements. According to local folklore, the earliest settlers of Cavite came from Borneo. In the1600s, “encomiendas” or Spanish royal land grants were given in Cavite and Maragondon. Jesuit priests brought in settlers from Moluccas. These people, known as Mardicas, settled in Ternate and Maragondon.

        Other settlements grew, and by the turn of the century, Cavite towns where already trading with one another. Traditional industries began to thrive as Manila’s commerce grew.

        In 1872, Filipinos launched their revolt against Spain. Three Filipino priests, Jose Burgos, Mariano Gomez, and Jacinto Zamora, were implicated in the Cavite mutiny when 200 Filipinos staged a rebellion within Spanish garrisons. On August 25, 1896, when the revolution against Spain broke out, Cavite became a bloody theater of war.

        Led by Emilio Aguinaldo, Caviteños made lightning raids on Spanish headquarters, and soon liberated the entire province. Aguinaldo commanded the Revolution to its successful end: the proclamation of the first Republic in Asia, the Republic of the Philippines, on June 12, 1898, in Kawit.

Tourist Attractions:

Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine
The town of Kawit played an important role in Philippine political history. The proclamation of the Republic of the Philippines was made in this town on the balcony of the home of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. Now a national shrine, it was in this house where the Philippine flag was first unfurled. Emilio Aguinaldo became the first president of the Philippine Republic.

Gen. Baldomero Aguinaldo Shrine
Gen. Baldomero Aguinaldo was the first cousin of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo and became his right hand. He was the president of the Magdalo Council, or Government, which was established in Imus, Cavite. He was the First President of the Association de los Veteranos dela Revolucion Filipina.

Battle of Binakayan Monument
The encounter in Binakayan is one in a two-pronged branch of offensive against Spaniards on November 9-11, 1896. The second encounter was in Kalero, Noveleta wherein hundreds of Spanish soldiers were killed by Filipinos. During the uprising, Gen. Gregoria Montoya was with the revolutionary forces. She is the Joan of Arc of the Philippines and hailed from Tabon, Kawit, Cavite. Two hundred fifty Spanish soldiers surrendered in “Polvorin,” after a brief encounter with Filipino soldiers. It was the second victory of the Filipino Revolutionaries under the leadership of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo.

Gen. Candido Tirona Monument
Gen. Candido Tria Tirona, compadre of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, was the first revolutionary Capitan Municipal in the Philippines. He was the “Hero of Binakayan”.

Sanduguang Siklab ng Digmaan Marker
The marker is about the blood compact executed by the local Katipuneros in Barangay Pinagtipunan, Gen. Trias, Cavite on the eve of August 31, 1896. The blood compact preceded the attack against the Spanish Headquarters in the town by the natives in the morning of August 31. The local Katipuneros battered the Spanish forces into submission and it was known in the Philippine history as the first ever successful battle of the Katipuneros from the Magdiwang Faction.

Tejeros Convention
It was in Tejeros, a former sitio and now one of the 33 barangays of Gen. Trias, where the National Convention was held on March 22, 1897. Known as the Tejeros Convention, it was here that the Revolutionary Government was established. It was the forerunner that shaped the First Philippine Republic.

General Trias Monument and Park
A monument and park in memory of General Mariano Trias y Closas, famous son of the town, who was a general of the Revolution and Vice-President of the First Philippine Republic.

41st Division USAFFE Marker
Tagaytay played a significant role in the Philippine history. During WW II, Filipino soldiers found refuge in its vast forests and ridges. It was used as landing site and sanctuary for paratroopers on their way to liberate Manila. The 41st USAFFE marker is one place where you will know more about Tagaytay’s rich political history. It is located beside Metro Tagaytay College of Business & Arts, Kaybagal South, Tagaytay City.

11th Airborne Division Marker
On February 3, 1945, the 11th Airborne Division of Lt. Gen. William Krueger’s 8th Army airdropped military supplies and personnel on the Tagaytay Ridge amidst enemy groundfire. Their mission was to secure Tagaytay City and guarantee the easy flow of troops and supplies to Manila. The action later proved significant to the Manila liberation. A marker was made at the Silang Crossing to honor the event.

Imus Historical Marker
At the town plaza, this marker can be found near two vintage artillery pieces, situated just across the Imus Catholic Church and the Imus Municipal Hall.

Battle of Alapan Marker and Flag
The site of this marker is highlighted by a 90-foot tall flagpole where the Philippine flag waves proudly. The marker is set atop three large rocks each encrusted with painted cement. On the center rock is a statue of a woman boldly holding the Philippine flag.

Battle of Julian Bridge Marker
An old 1859 cannon stands as the lone reminder of a battle that took place long ago between the Spanish and the Filipino forces. The marker is placed on a cannon while old ammunitions are laid on its concrete base. The cannon and the marker are found near the north side of the bridge where steps briefly descend to this.

It is the largest of the five islands guarding the entrance to Manila Bay. Tadpole-shaped, it lies off the southwestern tip of the Bataan Peninsula, 26 miles off Manila. During the last Pacific war, Corregidor became a theater of war between the Japanese Imperial Forces and the combined defenders of Filipino and American troops. Thus, its valiant last stand against the superior invasive forces came to be written history. The occupying forces, however, were to be vanquished upon the return of the Americans in 1944.

House of Tirona
The house belonging to an illustrious Caviteño family is well maintained and was restored to its original grandeur except for its galvanized roofing. The place has a garden and a market set within the lot attesting to notable personalities who once dwelled in this house.

Fort San Felipe
It is an old structure dating back to 1609, when the Spaniards built it to protect part of the then growing city. The structure is made of granite blocks, with walls approximately 30 feet high. A wide stairway leads to the top of the fort where a concrete house could be found. Naval memorabilia including antique cannons and cannon balls decorate the lawns.

Andres Bonifacio House
This is the place where the country’s revolutionary leader, Andres Bonifacio, lived. The façade of the house is of red bricks and adobe. Although renovated several times over, its original Spanish style has not changed.

House Where Andres Bonifacio was Court Martialed
The place is of old wooden and concrete design and a marker is set at the middle of the structure.

House of Gen. Reigo de Dios
The old house is made of wood with architecture dating back to a bygone era. It is considered one of the country’s oldest houses in the area.

Museo ng Tagaytay
It aims to collect and preserve all significant artifacts, photos, and memorabilia of the city of Tagaytay. It is located on the ground floor of the new Tagaytay City Hall building.

Liwasang Aguinaldo
This park is situated in front of Aguinaldo Shrine. This was built to commemorate the Centennial of our Philippine Independence.

Saint Francis of Assisi Church
An 18th century church whose structure and altar have never been changed or remodeled. There were repairs but the old figure remained.

St. Mary Magdalene Parish
This was built in 1624 and is one of the oldest churches in the Philippines. St. Mary Magdelene is the patroness saint of Kawit. The religiosity of the Kawiteños is deeply manifested through their fiestas, caracol, processions, and most especially, the Maytinis Festival, a Christmas Eve event that has become a tourist attraction.

Ina ng Laging Saklolo Parish Church - Sungay West, Tagaytay City  (St. Anne’s Shrine)
Enshrined is a statue of the Virgin Mary, and her mother, St. Anne. It is located west, in front of Tagaytay Science National High School.

Our Lady of La Salette Shrine
This church was built by the American Missionaries of Our Lady of La Salette, known to Filipinos as Our Lady of Hope. The shrine is famous for its antique theme park and giant woodcarvings of the Last Supper and the Station of the Cross. Serenity is provided by well-tended pine trees, shrubbery, and expansive lawns. An imposing shrine of the Blessed Virgin Mary stands at the middle of a well-trimmed garden surrounded by flags of different countries where Catholicism thrives. Retreat houses, chapels, souvenir shops, and other interesting attractions make the place interesting not only for cursory visitation but for spiritual contemplation as well.

Nuestra Señora dela Soledad de Porta Vaga
Reputed to be a relic from Spain, it is a painting of the Virgin Mary framed in carved wood. The relic is said to have been discovered, beached on the shores between the old Puerto Vaga in Cavite City and Barrio San Roque, during the 18th century. The painting, presently set in precious gems, is also known as the “Virgin of a Thousand Miracles” because of many miracles granted to the faithful devotees from the day of its discovery to the present.

Other Churches in Cavite:

Tanza, Cavite Parish Church

Indang, Cavite Church

Our Lady of Lourdes, Tagaytay City

Naic, Cavite Church

Our Lady of Guadalupe Parish, Cavite

Shrine of Our Lady of Fair Love, People's Park, Tagaytay

Pink sisters' Adoration Church, Cavite

Sto. Nino De Ternate, Cavite

Nuestra Senora de Guia, Magallanes, Cavite

Tagaytay City
It is the Philippines’ second summer capital, next to Baguio. The accessing highway offers a breathtaking sight of the world famous Taal formation, a crater within a island within a lake. Coconut groves dot the ridges of Tagaytay and classy accommodations give the visiting tourists the pleasures of relaxation and the same time, wide opportunities to enjoy the magnificent view of Taal.

Japanese Garden
This 1,200 sq. meter garden was constructed to inculcate in the people the value of freedom, peace, and international unity. It is located in front of the Development Academy of the Philippines Conference Center, Sungay East, Tagaytay City.

Tagaytay Highlands
A masterplan blending of natural and man-made wonders dedicated to leisure at its best. It is located at Cababuso, approximately 8 to 9 km. away from Silang Crossing.

People’s Park in the Sky
An artful blending of natural and man-made attractions poised on the highest point of Tagaytay City. It stands on 4,516 sq. meters of solid ground and overlooks four bodies of water – Taal Lake, Balayan Bay, Laguna de Bay, and Manila Bay. It is located at Dapdap West and Dapdap East, approximately 6 to 7 km. away from Silang Crossing.

Picnic Grove and Livelihood Complex
Located at Sungay East, 3 km. away from Silang Crossing, it is run by the Philippine Tourism Authority (PTA). It is suitable for picnics, horseback riding, and sightseeing. It also offers services for seminar accommodations, overnight stay, and others.

The Flower Farm
On the windy slope of a hill in Tagaytay City sprawls a flower farm that keeps Manila abloom the whole year round. The five-hectare flower farm has many varieties of flowers, such as chrysanthemums with assorted colors, gerberas, carnations, roses, and anthuriums.

Ulong Tubig
It is a pool formed by natural spring water emanating from the adjacent hill. The pool leads to the irrigation pump, which supplies a vast number of rice fields in Carmona. The area is shaded by coconut trees and other greenery. In the morning, the water appears to be very clear. However, in the afternoon, it changes to a green hue due to algae disturbed by the swimmers.

Cabag Cave
The place is found at the bottom of a slope, which runs down a steep angle to the brook. Lush greenery surrounds this little valley where Cabag Cave is found. Inside the cave, an underground river runs for about 50 meters inward. A pool of water if formed immediately off the mouth of the cave, which leads to the brook.

Malibiclibic Falls
A valley borders the Malibiclibic Falls, where boulders cut across the middle of the gushing river waters cascading from the falls. At the far end of the river is a NIA irrigation project. The other rivers flow nearer the falls large pond, which could be viewed from atop one of the border hills of the valley. A large pool of water forms at the base of the falls while coconut trees, shrubs, and other greenery flank both sides.

Balite Falls
Two falls could actually be seen in the area, one of which flows naturally gushing strong clear water while the other one is outfitted with pipes and bamboo tubes to aid the flow of water. The falls converge into a pool of water with a deep part for adults and a shallow part for children.

Other Landmarks & Attractions:

Trece Martires Marker


Birthday of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo (March 22; Cavite)
Commemorating the birth of the First President of the Republic

Independence Day (June 12; Kawit, Cavite)
Re-enactment of the historic proclamation of Philippine independence is done at the mansion of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, the First President of the Philippine Republic.

Regada - Water Festival (June 24; Cavite City)
In honor of Nuestra Señora de Porta Vaga, sprinklers are installed at the city’s main streets so that revelers get a different kind of shower.

Paskuhan sa Imus (December; Imus, Cavite)
A month-long festival that celebrates the Cavitenños’ unique Christmas holiday. The town of Imus is bathed in thousands of lights, a dazzling array of lanterns of all shapes, and outdoor décor that evoke warm memories of one’s childhood. A food fair features the best of Cavite products. The nightly entertainment shows and events are capped with an enactment of the “Panunuluyan,” Imus style.

Foundation Day
Gen. Trias celebrates its foundation every December 13 annually.

Taunang Parangal
An annual awarding of certificates of recognition to the graduates of Gen. Trias with honors from the elementary, secondary, and tertiary levels of education. It also confers the awards to examinees who land on top twenty places in the examinations given by the government.

Special Interest :

Cavite is the perfect destination of travelers wishing to have a glimpse of the island’s historical, natural, and man made attractions nearest to the mega city of Manila. Tours can be completed within a day’s time without missing any of the places’ innate allure. Drive around the Tagaytay-Taal Ridge to view the spellbinding concert of volcano, lake, and sky through an oftentimes foggy mist. For the religiously inclined, take a round of old monasteries and churches. Take a hop around historical sites, monuments, and culminate in the island of Corregidor.

Food Tripping
Relish local fruits in season at the picnic grove of Sungay and the mushroom restaurants of Tagaytay, or partake of native cuisine at the Taal Vista Hotel and other resorts around the province.

Outdoor Sports
Engage in outdoor sports like golf and horseback riding in Tagaytay City and pony rides for the kids. For quieter afternoons and evenings, watch cultural shows at the Taal Vista Hotel and other local folk theaters during town fiestas and other holidays.

Volcano Trekking
It can be adventure-filled for first-time visitors to Cavite. Take a boat ride around volcano island, or visit the small farming communities within the destination. Or dare a mountain climb to the rim of the active volcano during its sleeping lull.

Souvenir Shopping
Shop for souvenirs, in particular, shell craft, all over the seaside municipalities, or for fine bridal wear at the town of Taal which specializes in the weaving of handcrafted barong (native organza). Try basket wares as extra shopping items.

Laguna - Resort Province Of The Philippines

            Laguna, Resort Province of the Philippines, is a haven of fresh and pristine bodies of water such as hot springs, lakes, and waterfalls. Most notable is Pagsanjan Falls, formerly called Magdapio Falls, referred to as “shooting rapids.” It is found in Cavinti, starting from Pagsanjan town. Another is Lake Caliraya, which is located between Cavinti and Lumban. The strong mountain breeze that blows from the Sierra Madre Mountain Ranges and the distant Mount Banahaw makes the lake an ideal place for aqua sports like wind surfing, water skiing, sailing as well as game fishing. Laguna de Bay, Southeast Asia’s largest fresh water lake, stays pristine throughout the year due to regular rain showers. 

            Innumerable hot springs abound in the province, including the famous Hidden Valley Springs which is located in a secluded part of Alaminos town. A trip to Dalitiwan River, located in Botocan, Majayjay, is an exciting adventure because the terrain is rugged, as mountain lands go, and the cool water or river gushes through the rocks and boulders along the watercourse in sweeping currents. The mystical Mt. Makiling in Los Baños is an inactive volcano, rising to about 1,109 meters above sea level. It is indeed endowed with nature’s beauty, making it ideal for all types of nature tripping, from trekking to bird and butterfly watching and even camping. 

            Laguna is not only endowed with natural wonders. It also plays an important role in the country’s history as the birthplace of Dr. Jose Rizal, the country’s national hero, whose infancy and early manhood were spent in the towns of Calamba and Biñan. A number of churches of Spanish-influenced architecture in intricate Romanesque and Baroque design, mostly restored to their original elegance, are also found in the province. 

            The province is one huge showcase of Southern Tagalog craftsmanship. The town of Paete is famous for its woodcarvings, papier mache, and handmade paper products.Tree seedlings, sampaguita flowers, orchids, and exotic plants are big business. Cut flower farms are found mostly in towns of Calamba, Los Baños, and Bay. Sweet tropical fruits abound, such as the lanzones from Paete, pineapple from Calauan, chico, banana, mango, rambutan, and avocado. Add to these Laguna’s embroidered garments. Jusi cloth made from banana fiber is painstakingly, albeit deftly, transformed into beautiful pieces of clothing worthy of being tailored into the Philippine national costume, the Barong Tagalog. Shoes made from abaca hemp is a growing industry in the town of Liliw. 

            Owing to its nearness to Manila, Laguna is presently becoming the center of economic activity in the Southern Tagalog Region and the CALABARZON area. Business in the area is bustling as shown by the presence of several industrial estates designed for handling large scale firms engaged in textile manufacturing, electronics, food processing, industrial machines, and car assembly.

            Laguna is situated 30 kilometers south of Manila and has a total area of 175,973 hectares. Laguna is bounded on the north by the province of Rizal, on the east by the Sierra Madre Mountain Ranges, on the south by the Quezon province, on the west by Laguna de Bay, and the provinces of Batangas and Cavite.

            Laguna has no pronounced seasons. However, it is relatively dry from November to April and wet from May to October. Climate is generally cool and gentle, even during the summer months. Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year in the eastern and southern portions of the province, giving rise to an abundance and variety of flora and fauna.

Language / Dialects
            Laguna being part of the Southern Tagalog Region, approximately 99.22% of the population speak Tagalog. A minority of the population also speak Ilokano, Bicolano, and Waray. A significant portion of the working population can read and speak English and Filipino.


            The province of Laguna was named after Laguna de Bay, the body of water that forms the province’s northern boundary. In turn, Laguna de Bay was named after the town of Bay, which was the first provincial capital.

            Laguna, along with its surrounding regions, was conquered for Spain by Captain Juan de Salcedo in 1571, after which, for seven years, the Franciscan friars started the Christianization of the province.

            The province became a bloody battleground during the Chinese revolts in 1603 and 1693. The British invasion in 1762-1764 saw thousands of Filipinos fighting against the Spaniards, fanned by the execution of Dr. Jose P. Rizal. By 1896, thousands of patriotic citizens of the province have joined the revolutionary movement, Katipunan. The battle led by Captain Thomas Backhouse met resistance from the band of Filipino volunteers led by Francisco de San Juan of Pagsanjan.

            Laguna was one of the first eight provinces to rise in revolt against the Spanish rule. The ill-equipped Filipino forces, led by General Paciano Rizal of Calamba, General Severino Taiño of Pagsanjan, General Agueda Kahabagan of Calauan, and General Miguel Malvar of Batangas, fought the Spanish authorities and won – on August 31, 1898, with the surrender of the last Spanish garrison in Sta. Cruz.

            On January 23, 1899, Laguna expressed its full support for the First Philippine Republic, which was proclaimed in Malolos, Bulacan. Two citizens of Pagsanjan, Don Higino Benitez and Don Graciano Cordero, were sent to witness and participate in this historic event.
            The eruption of the Filipino-American war in 1899-1901 saw Generals Juan Cailles and Paciano Rizal leading the defense of Laguna until surrender was inevitable. Under the American Flag, Cailles was named the first Filipino Governor of Laguna.

            After the war, Laguna progressed rapidly in peace. Schools were established, various public services were instituted, and roads were built. In 1917, the Manila Railroad Company extended its line to Laguna, as far as Pagsanjan.

            Today, Laguna is a thriving province. Its fertile lands produce millions of pesos’ worth of coconuts, rice, sugar, citrus fruits, lanzones, and other agricultural products. Its tourist spots attract a multitude of foreign and domestic tourists

Tourist Attractions:

Rizal Shrine
This two-storey, red-tiled-roof, Spanish-vintage house is maintained as a national shrine by the national government. It houses Dr. Jose P. Rizal’s childhood, ranging from pictures of and early sculptures by the late hero to laminated excerpts of some of his best written works. The house is by no means in its original state – except for the old well, everything is a reconstruction of the original house of Rizal, the country’s national hero. However, the house has maintained much of its colonial appeal. The museum on-site offers guided tours for groups. It has a gift shop on the ground floor. There is no entrance fee but donations are welcome. Museum hours are from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon, and 1:00 to 5:00 p.m., everyday except Monday.

Underground Cemetery
Built in the 18th century by the Franciscan Missionaries, the Underground Cemetery is enclosed by a circular structure. The intricately designed wall and wrought iron gate with a red-tiled walk leads straight to the small chapel, where an altar-like structure is located. The tombstones are embedded on the brick walls of the cemetery and the basement. At the crypt of the cemetery, according to history, is where the local Katipuneros, or followers of the secret revolutionary societies collectively called the Katipunan, plotted against Spanish rule.

Japanese Memorial Garden
It is located at Brgy. Kanluran Talaongan, Cavinti, Laguna, and was constructed by the Japanese government in the 1970s. It can be reached by car or other land transport within one hour from Sta. Cruz, Laguna.

Emilio Jacinto Shrine
The glass enclosure contains the blood-stained bolo and hut of General Emilio Jacinto, symbols of his valor and bravery during the fight between the Spaniards and the Katipuneros at the Battle of Maimpis. He went to the church wounded and was later brought to Sta. Cruz Hospital for treatment. The blood-stained bolo and hut still remain in the original place.

National Arts Center
Managed by the Cultural Center of the Philippines, the National Arts Center is a show window of cultural development and performing arts education the country. More than this, It is an ideal vantage point for a panoramic view of Laguna de Bay, Talim Island, Crocodile Lake, and the International Rice Research Institute. It boasts 62 cottages, an auditorium, and seminar and convention facilities. Reservations may be coursed through the CCP Main Office on Roxas Boulevard, Manila.

Philippine High School for the Arts
The special boarding school for the education of the highly gifted and talented Filipino children combines general learning grid schooling in the field of dance, music, theater and voice, and visual arts. It is the site of a cultural exchange program with many countries of the world.

Luisiana Day
On April 3, 1854, the town of Luisiana was granted absolute independence and Luisiana Day has since been celebrated on that date every year.

International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
Located at Los Baños, Laguna, it is the world’s most complete center for research on rice (oryza sativa). It has resident scientists and trainees from the rice-producing nations of the South and Southeast Asia, senior scientists who are members of the affiliate graduate faculty of the University of the Philippines (UP), and rigidly selected international specialists in every phase of science concerned with rice production.
With splendid research laboratories, greenhouses, experiment rice fields, and an unequalled collection of technical literature on rice, IRRI attracts about 60 graduate students each year from all over the world. More than half of these students are candidates for an advanced degree in the Graduate School of UP College of Agriculture.
Formally dedicated in February, 1962, IRRI was founded by the Ford Foundation. Its headquarters and field laboratories are adjacent to the UP College of Agriculture and its Experiment Station is at Los Baños. Much of the research involves changing the architecture of the rice plant, the staple food of 100 million people in the world.

Museum of the Wildlife Collections of Dr. Dioscoro Rabor
Located at the College of Forestry Building, U.P Los Baños campus, the museum showcases the personal collection of mammal and bird species of Dr. Dioscoro Rabor. He has worked on various fields, such as ichthyology, fisheries, mammalogy, herpetology, ornithology, and ecology, and has made important contributions in ornithology and mammalogy.

University of the Philippines, Los Baños (UPLB) Museum of Natural History

Located at Los Baños, Laguna. The museum is a repository of biological specimens for scientific reference and center for documentation, research, information, and education on these. It has a diverse collection of more than 200,000 preserved Philippine animals, plants, cultures of living microorganisms, and other biota that showcase the country’s rich biodiversity. It houses most of the priceless collections of birds and small mammals of the late Dr. Dioscoro Rabor, and has in its hortorium a diverse collection of living plants. A multi-colored diorama of Philippine flora and fauna and video presentations on biodiversity are special museum features.
Exhibits feature, among others, the Philippine eagle, tamaraw, tarsier; snails in Mt. Makiling and Laguna de Bay; Philippine plants, forests, shells; Philippine cobras, marine turtles and mammals; and a Philippine map made of 4,012 locusts and lahar from Mt. Pinatubo.

IRRI Riceworld
Located at Los Baños, Laguna, it is a permanent exhibit of artifacts and implements about the rice-growing world, dedicated to the rice farmers around the world. Multimedia and photo exhibits define the role of rice as the world’s most important cereal. A tour through Riceworld depicts the different ways rice is grown. A display centerpiece shows carbonized rice grains and hulls dating back to 2,500 B.C., found in an archaeological excavation in Ban Na Di and Non Nok tha I, Thailand.

Dagatan Boulevard
(around Sampalok Lake). The 3.832-kilometer peripheral road of Sampalok Lake is a potential tourist destination, being near the City Hall and close to the city’s business center.

Sampalok Lake Staircase (Hagdang Bato)
(Trece Martires Street). A concrete stairway leads to Sampalok Lake, now a famous local landmark and even a part of the official seal of San Pablo City. It was constructed in November, 1915 on a lot which is now a part of the Doña Leonila Mini-Forest Park. It is divided into five sections with a total of 89 steps.

Boundary Arch of San Pablo City
(Quezon Province Highway Boundary). Constructed before World War II, it is a landmark that serves as a gateway to the now famous Villa Escudero Resort and Plantation in Tiaong Town.

The Battle of Mabitac Marker
It was in this small town of Mabitac that the Battle of Hinukay occurred in 1900, when the town joined the revolution against the Americans under the leadership of General Juan Cailles and Fidel Sario. The Filipino-American encounter happened at the entrance of the town from Siniloan. The Americans under Col. Cheatham were defeated by the Filipinos in this battle. The National Historical Institute later officially changed the event’s label from Battle of Hinukay to Battle of Mabitac.

Bridge of Sigh
The bridge in Sitio Olla is a stone bridge constructed across a wide river, also a sight to behold.

San Pablo Cathedral
(Rizal Avenue). This church in bustling San Pablo City is an exponent of neo-classical architecture. Built in 1774, it is an Augustinian piece of architecture that used to house a good collection of silver jewels, pewter candlesticks, and altar silverware. It is designed simply, with Doric coupled columns and a unique podium with inter-locking triangular and segmented arches. It has decorative bound windows and a four-storey octagonal bell tower with alternating blank and open windows.

Luisiana Catholic Church
It is the oldest church in the municipality of Luisiana. The construction of the Hermita/Chapel was started in 1850 using native materials. On May 12, 1872, the church was gutted by fire and a new stone church, made of adobe stone and rubblework, was constructed in 1873. The newer church has undergone some minor repairs and renovation as well.

Majayjay Catholic Church
The centuries-old Catholic church that stands at the heart of the poblacion in the municipality of Majayjay was built in 1711. One of the biggest in the Philippines, it has withstood many typhoons and earthquakes since its construction. The nave is 60 meters long, 17 meters wide, and 16 ½ meters high.

Ermita Chapel
It was a Spanish tribunal that was later converted into Ermita, or chapel, to enshrine the Blessed Nuestra Señora de la Poteria, which was brought to Majayjay by the missionaries from Spain in 1759.

Our Lady of Guadalupe
In 1835, Pope Pius XI proclaimed Our Lady of Guadalupe as a national patroness of the Philippines. Her first sculpture image, a gift from Mexico, was stored at the main altar in 1688 but was destroyed during an American air raid on March 15, 1945. After a year, Mexican Catholics donated a life-size image of the Virgin of Pagsanjan. The second image, made by Mr. Ramon Barreto, noted sculptor of Tuluca, is now in church together with another image of the Virgin which was carved by Maximo Vicente, a prominent Manila sculptor.

San Santiago Apostol Church / Paete Church
Like many of the churches in the province, the Paete Church was built during the early Spanish period. But the novelty of this church lies in the fact that all the religious images found here were carved and painted by the residents of Paete long ago. The intricate baroque altar is a monument to their woodcarving artistry and the walls of the church boast of large murals done by Jose Dans (19 C.), a true son of Paete who used color pigments mixed with pulverized volcanic ash and brushes fashioned from cat’s hair. Although the church has been restored recently using construction materials unlike the original, the design remains the same.

San Pedro de Alcantara Church / Pakil Church
The Franciscan church was completed in 1767, after 35 years of construction. Its architectural design is reminiscent of the Corinthian and Ionic styles. In 1788, the Virgin of Turumba was enshrined in this church that has survived great calamities. It was burned in 1851 along with the rectory but was repaired on the same year. It survived two earthquakes, in 1881 and in 1937. The church is now a major attraction. Its main altar is graced by 14 icons, each housed in an elaborately carved niche, with the Archangel Michael erring above the others. It also houses an authentic painting by Jose Dans (19th C.), a painter from Paete. Its belfry houses four small bells and one huge bell that has been renovated recently. The design of the church remains the same.

Other Churches in Laguna:

Makiling Botanical Garden
The MBG was started in September 1965 to support professional instruction and research related to forestry and plant sciences, and to serve the needs of tourism as well as the educational and recreational needs of the general public. MBG occupies 300 has. of forest land distributed into three main sections, the arboretum, nursery, and recreational areas. There are 1,060 general, 2,087,150 varieties, 2 culvinators of flowering plants and ferns representing 209 families in Mount Makiling. An exhibit of Philippine wildlife in a diorama setting can be viewed at the pavilion. Mini waterfalls, gurgling creeks, natural swimming pools, concrete trails, and nature trails are attractions at the MBG.

Maria Makiling Park
Maria Makiling is a goddess of the Tagalogs who resided on top of the tallest mountain in Laguna. The people who lived at the foot of the mountain venerated her because of the bounty of natural harvests. A mini Maria Makiling Park located near the UPLB Alumni Center was constructed as a tribute to the legendary goddess of the mountain.

Dalitiwan River
The name came from the word “dali’t-iwan.” It is the most accessible river and a favorite picnic site. It has cool crystal-clear water and a natural swimming pool. Cottages are available for rent. It is a 10-minute drive from the town proper.

The town of Pagsanjan is not only known for its waterfalls but for its historic town gate, the Arco Real. This was built in 1878-1880 by many Pagsanjeño polistas. It has three Roman arches, topped by two lions guarding Spain’s royal escutcheon. Along Rizal St., formerly known as Calle Real, is a series of old houses that survived the war. These old houses hold memories of the past, and the unique beauty of Filipno architecture.

It is blessed with natural wonders – the awe-inspiring gorges, the roaring rapids, and the Pagsanjan Falls, a plus factor that made Pagsanjan one of the premiere tourist attractions of the country. The gorges teem with wild orchids, ferns, and vines, and in early morning, chattering monkeys and beautiful sunrays and peaceful water. Inside, multi-colored birds flirt in the bushes.
The thrill of shooting the rapids here is an experience of a lifetime, starting with boarding a banca paddled by two expert Pagsanjeño boatmen. The only way to the falls is through the Bumbungan River of Pagsanjan. The upstream trip, three miles from outside town on the rugged Cavinti highlands, is relatively slow as the boatmen paddle and drag the banca against the currents. But the half-hour trip back provides an unforgettable experience in shooting the 14 rapids.
The rainy season is the best time to view the series of mini-falls, over 19 in all, first of which is the Talahib Falls. Farther on are the Kalukuy Falls and the misty Bridal Veil Falls. Some of these mini-falls are unnamed and rarely seen in the summer. Huge stones called Pusong Bato lay at the center of the river.

Crocodile Lake
It is a small crater lake situated on the edge of Laguna de Bay, shaped like a crocodile. It is of special interest, being a lake within a lake.

Mount Makiling
The mystical Mount Makiling is an inactive volcano rising to about 1,109 meters above sea level. The vegetation consists of approximately 2,048 different species of plant. The lower slope is a tall dipterocarp forest while the summit is a dwarf mossy forest. The slopes of Mt. Makiling are shaped to resemble a woman reclining, hence, the air of mysticism that surrounds the mountain. Legend has it that it is the profile of the sleeping Maria Makiling, a mythical goddess. Still others say that Maria Makiling dwells in this mountain and protects dwellers and travelers from harm.

Mount Banahaw
Yet another popular spot with great tourism potential is Mount Banahaw. A unique experience awaits mountain climbing enthusiasts who venture to a part of the mountain so-called “Banal na Lugar,” or Holy Place, found in the depths and alleged to be mystical. In fact, Majayjay situated at the foot of the mountain is considered holy ground amongst amulet makers, faith healers, and seekers of the divine. Mystical Mount Banahaw is 2,188 meters in height.

San Juan Twin
Falls. It is located at Brgy. San Juan Kalayaan, Laguna, 221 meters from the National Highway.

Maapon Falls
It has an approximate height of 30 meters. The headwater comes from Brgy. San Pedro Luisiana, Laguna and outlets in Mauban, Quezon.

Talong Mababa & Talong Malayog Tributary
It is the headwater of Tiklingan-Botocan River at Brgy. San Roque, Luisiana, Laguna. The tributary is located at Brgy. San Rafael, Luisiana, Laguna.

Taytay Falls / Imelda Falls
With its cold and crystal clear water, the falls is a shangri-la at the foot of Mt. Banahaw, situated in Barangay Taytay. The trip down is arduous. It can be reached in a 15-minute drive from town, then a 30-minute hike to the picnic site.

Buruwisan Falls
One of the five falls found in the Sierra Madre Mountain Ranges, Buruwisan Falls is the most popular because it is the most accessible. It has a roughly 50-meter drop. The water is clear and cool, the surrounding area is vitually unspoiled, making it ideal for camping. Mountaineers also consider it an excellent training ground for neophyte climbers, and conduct fun climbs to the site. Across Buruwisan Falls, at an approximately 35-degree angle, is Lanzones Falls. The rivers of Buruwisan and Lanzones meet at a certain point to form the bigger Binaytuan Falls. It has more or less a 200-meter drop.
The other two are Guiling-Guiling Falls and Sebakon Falls. Most of these falls are still unexplored, and the locals claim that a number of other undiscovered falls aside from these five are in the area.

Botocan Falls
Another tourism potential, the falls is presently utilized by the National Power Corporation (NPC) to generate electric power. The Botocan Hydro-Electric Plant takes 546 or so steps going down the ravine; it has a cable car. The falls attracts country travelers, writers, poets, printers, and nature lovers. Nearby is Dalitiwan River, which draws excursionists from Manila and farther. This river is noted for its crystal clear water and natural panoramic beauty. It is ideal for swimming and fishing.

From the convergence of several rivers from the mountains east of the town was created the waterfalls of Talon. It feeds the Paete River to which its water cascades down below.

Talon ng Aliw
It has an approximate height of 25 meters and a width of 30 meters. Talon ng Aliw is the upstream/headwater of Dapi river going to Balanac river in Magdalena. Laguna.

Bongbongan Falls  - 
It is located at Brgy. San Buenaventura, Luisiana, Laguna.
laog Falls  - 
It is located at Brgy. San Buenaventura, Luisiana, Laguna

Cabute Falls  -I
t is located at Brgy. San Buenaventura, Luisiana, Laguna.

Alimang Munti Falls  -

It is located at Brgy. San Buenaventura, Luisiana, Laguna.

Hulugan Falls  - 

It is the tallest waterfall of Luisiana, Laguna, with an approximate height of 70 meters. Hulugan Falls is the downstream of Dapi River going to Balanac River in Magdalena, Laguna.

Panghulo / Turumba Swimming Pools
Also known as Nuestra Señora de los Dolores de Turumba and Doña Aurora A. Quezon Swimming Pools, the Turumba pools are the main source of income of the municipal government as well as the municipality’s main source of potable water and irrigation. It started as a swampy place where tubers and ferns grew around a big stone, until 1732, when Fr. Fernando de Haro supervised its clearing before the church construction. Following the visit of Doña Aurora A. Quezon, wife of the President Quezon, to the area in 1938, a swimming pool was constructed and named after her.

Seven Lakes
Each of the seven lakes is nestled on a depression created long ago by volcanic activity. The seven lakes are Sampaloc, Mojicap, Palakpakin, Calibato, Pandin, Yambo, and Bunot, Sampaloc Lake, the biggest of the seven lakes, is dotted with fishpens where tilapia, a local freshwater carp specie, is bred.

Botocan Dam
Situated in Brgy. San Roque, Luisiana, Laguna and constructed in the 1930s, it is the source of the Botocan Power Plant, which generates 11 MW.

Lake Caliraya
The man-made lake was built by American engineers in the 1930s in order to provide hydroelectric power in the region. Lake Caliraya is situated at 1,200 feet above sea level. It is endowed with cool winds, clear water, and the surrounding greenery.

Caliraya Leisure Park
The park showcases a balanced synergy of natural beauty and man-made attractions. It is an integrated residential, golf marina, and themed leisure complex, designed to become the “ultimate mountain hideaway.” There is medium scale infrastructure development along the Caliraya shorelines that blends well with the lake, upscale, residential villas that overlook the whole landscape, a championship golf course with a clubhouse, complete with conference rooms, restaurants, lounges, and pro shops, a cluster of vacation lodges and medium-rise hotels for transient guests, a floating casino for the idle and adventurous, a market village and family entertainment center, church at the town center, an amphitheater on the hillside that fronts the marina, conference centers for business gatherings and retreats, mini-forest parks and picnic grounds for day-trippers, and other amenities that characterize a world class accommodation.

Other Landmarks & Tourist attractions:

This was a quarry site during the Spanish times. The adobe stone used for the construction of the Luisiana Catholic Church came from this site.
Trece Martires Monument-Sampalok Lake
Constructed through the efforts of the Association of Deaconesses of the Philippine Independent Church in 1927, the monument is in memory of the martyrs of the Philippine Revolution against Spain.

Bonifacio Monument
(Trece Martires Street). Located on the southern bank of Sampalok Lake not too far from the City Hall, it was constructed and formally inaugurated on November 30, 1996 to commemorate the 133rd birth anniversary of hero Andres Bonifacio. It was designed by a local sculpture.

Bantayog ng mga Bayani
(Brgy. Sta. Isabel). It is a symbolic commemorative statue in memory of guerillas who fought during the second world war.

Bantayog ng Kagitingan (Veterans Federation, San Pablo City Chapter)
It is a commemorative edifice constructed in Brgy. San Mateo, 20 minutes’ drive from the city proper, where gatherings of war veterans are usually held.

Homma-Yamashita Shrine
Four years of Japanese occupation destroyed many buildings, roads, and bridges in and around Los Baños. In quick succession, the College of Agriculture became a Japanese camp for prisoners of war, a camp for allied nationals, a target of Kempetai punitive measures, and the headquarters of a secret organization of guerillas. After the dramatic rescue of the American internees by Filipino guerillas and U.S. paratroopers on February 23, 1935, the entire campus was sacked by the Japanese and razed to the ground. Only Baker Hall, the armory-gymnasium, remained standing amidst the rubble. Shortly after the war, Generals Masaharu Homma and Tomoyuki Yamashita, the commanders at the time of the Bataan Death March, were executed in April, 1946. They were both tried for their war crimes and executed near the Economic Garden.

Wawa Park
Jutting out into Laguna de Bay, parallel to the Paete River, and nestled between ricefields, is the multi-use Wawa Park. It has a pavilion where people can refresh themselves as well as floating coffee shops where, for a modest fee, you can sip coffee amid the calm waters of Laguna de Bay.

Pintong Pilak
Story has it that the cave was opened to all communities of Magdalena whenever their people needed to borrow kitchen and household utensils. These utensils were made of gold-plated materials and enamels. Out of greediness, some were never returned. From then on, the entrance of the cave was closed and only those with clean hearts and minds were permitted to pass through a small entrance leading to the inner cave.

Simbahang Bato
It is located in Barangay San Buenaventura and was named so for its natural formation, which looks like an old chapel alongside a river.

Museum of the Wildlife Collections of Dr. Dioscoro Rabor
Located at the College of Forestry Building, U.P Los Baños campus, the museum showcases the personal collection of mammal and bird species of Dr. Dioscoro Rabor. He has worked on various fields, such as ichthyology, fisheries, mammalogy, herpetology, ornithology, and ecology, and has made important contributions in ornithology and mammalogy.

Entomology Museum
Located at the Institute of Biological Sciences Building, UPLB campus, the museum features the different species of the insect world, from the smallest bug to the biggest moth.

Sampaguita Plantation
Sampaguita, the Philippines’ national flower, symbolizes the chaste and strong character of the Filipinas. They are grown practically all over Laguna although much of the flower supply in Manila comes from the town of San Pedro, where shrubs of this white, fragrant flower are planted even along the sides of the highways.

Boy Scouts of the Philippines Camp
The BSP grounds are an ideal camping area. The Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts of the Philippines usually hold their jamborees and other relevant activities in this campsit

Danilo Daleña’s House of Paintings
The site is the usual object of visit by those who are particularly interested in the painting styles of artist/painter Danilo Daleña. It is his preference to have his best artworks displayed here in the town of Pakil, from where he hails.

E & R Art Shop
It is the place to visit for fancy woodcarving items that have been patiently carved out of a single piece of wood with the use of a simple knife. Other items of fine artistry, which make unique gifts, are available.

Woodcarving & Papier-Mache
There is a proliferation of small to large woodcarving and papier-mache factories in the town of Paete. That practically all the townsfolk are involved in these businesses either as factory workers or owners has become a tradition passed on through generations. The artistic ingenuity of Paeteños dates back to the pre-Spanish period, during which the artists created mostly religious articles. Skillful artisans patiently fashioned lanite, amlang, kamagong, lauan, acacia, and santol wood into world-class miniature décor items. The old creations of Paete are among the most valued antiques today. At present, Paete’s artists carve not only religious figures but also furniture and other items. The hard work that each Paete artist devotes to his craft indeed puts meaning to the label, “made in Paete.”

Wilfredo Magbuhos Farm
The 22-hectare farm abounds with fruit-bearing trees such as rambutan, lanzones, citrus, banana, and coconut. Lovely orchids and anthuriums are grown in the greenhouse. Another attraction is the seemingly unending rows of triangle shelters where colorful cocks of different breeds are housed. Farm activities include a tour on the cock farm, a cock fight demonstration, fruit picking and lectures on fruit tree propagation, grafting, and budding methods.

Provincial Office Demo Farm Complex
This demonstration farm complex, which sprawls on a seven-hectare land, was conceived as a government agricultural development program devoted to rice production, orchid propagation, fish growing, and hog breeding. It uses scientific agricultural methods researched and undertaken by the International Rice Research Institute in Los Baños. It provides orchid seedlings to contract growers engaged in cut-flower production and breeds freshwater fish such as tilapia and big headed carp in its 2.2-hectare fishpond.


The Feast of San Sebastian, the Martyr
On this occasion in Lumban, two noteworthy events take place side by side the town fiesta. One is the Moro-moro or Komedya staged on the eve and on the night of the fiesta. Local talents perform the demanding Komedya roles wearing colorful costumes before a crowd of spectators. Another is the Paligong Poon, a traditional procession observed at the Lumban River, wherein the icon of patron San Sebastian together with hundreds of devotees, afloat on Kaskitos or big boats, hold lighted candles while making a ritual turn across the river. The icon is then paraded around town while locals take turns in dousing the saint and devotees.

Barong Tagalog Festival
The local government officials of Lumban initiated the first Barong Tagalog Festival from April 29 to May 3, 1996. Various embroidery products were displayed for sale at the town plaza where the festival was held. This was participated in by 40 local producers. It also promotes a variety of popular locally produced food like Kesong Puti and Ginataang Hipon, among others, and a few products from small cottage industries, like bolos, walis, yunot, and native bags made of sundried water lily. This activity is meant to be a continuing project of the municipality. Lumban established itself as the Embroidery Capital of the Philippines.

A religious festival honoring the Sto. Niño or Holy Child, this is characterized by street dancing “ala-mardi-gras” with participants pouring water among each other, perhaps reenacting baptismal rites of old days.

A religious episode based on the Via-Crucis events of the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ. Tradition narrates to us the sorrowful meeting of Mother Mary with her son, Jesus, on his way to the cross. These events are dramatized live on the streets of Paete on Holy Thursday with the wooden images of which are saints made to move by ingenious craftsmen to stimulate live movements, replete with appropriate dialogue.

(May 1-31; Paete, Laguna). A religious festival depicting the life and times of St. Helena, the mother of Constantine the Great, who interceded on behalf of the early Christians and saved them from death imposed by imperial Rome.

Paete Town Fiesta
(July 25; Paete, Laguna). A celebration in honor of the town’s patron, Saint James. It is a very good time to visit the town as households are in a festive mood and invite visitors to partake of their food freely. Brass bands add gaiety, moving around town in attractive uniforms. Side shows and athletic competitions are mounted as well.

Bangkero River Festival
Launched in May 1999, the event features the skills and sportsmanship of Pagsanjeño boatmen in boat racing, tug-of-war, and even in singing. The artistry of Filipinos is shown in the decorations of the floats and boat stations know as “bantillan” and “gantungan”. The yearly Flores de Mayo also highlights the event.

Pagsanjan Day/Yugyugan Festival
This event is held from the 3rd to the 12th of December. The event features the history and culture of Pagsajan, through music and dance performed by students, in street dancing and nightly programs.

Coconut Festival
It is a week-long celebration highlighted by a mardi gras with the participants’ decorated costumes made of coconut-derived materials.

The largest religious activity consists of seven fiestas or “lupi” to commemorate the seven sorrows of Our Lady of Turumba, starting before the Holy Week and nine days thereafter that ends in the month of June. Celebrated with a dancing procession

Manok ni San Pedro Festival
It is a grand parade of various colorful floats participated in by both government and private sectors while the tribal groups aggressively partake in street dancing with numerous tribal participants lined-up alternately with the floats.

Feast of San Isidro Labrador
(May 15; Liliw, Laguna). Highlight is a religious procession wherein the statue of San Isidro, patron of laborers and good harvest, is paraded around town and honored by the people by showering rice cakes, candies, and crafts to the faithful as a show of sharing the bounty they have received.

Rizal Day
(June 19; Calamba, Laguna). A celebration in memory of the birthday of the Philippine National Hero, Jose P. Rizal, wherein the townsfolk of Calamba offer flowers to Rizal’s shrine. A civic parade depicting the life and times of Dr. Rizal culminates at the town plaza.

Feast of San Antonio de Padua
The townsfolk of Pila celebrate the feast through a procession, merry-making, and festive dining in most of the beautiful ancestral homes. The San Antonio de Padua Parish Church and the town plaza are the focal points of activities.

Ana Kalang Festival
It consists of activities highlighting an agri-fair that exhibits the town’s bountiful harvest and productions. A musical festival, children’s sports competition, and cultural events enhance the harvest celebration.

Special Interest:

Mineral and Hot Springs
Numerous spring resorts abound in Pansol and Los Baños, most of them with waters believed to have healing and curative powers.

Shooting the Rapids
Recommended activity in the fabled rock strewn waters of Pagsanjan River fed by the churning Pagsanjan falls.

Historic Places
Visit the province’s historic places, such as the birthplace of Philippine national hero, Dr. Jose P. Rizal, at the Rizal Shrine in Calamba where one may view his memorabilia.

Discover rare finds and studies of local flora and fauna at the museums within the sprawling UPLB campus, trek up to the Boy Scouts of the Philippines jamboree site within the vicinity, and farther on, take a sweeping glance at the skylines of Manila, Laguna, Cavit,e and the rest of Southern Tagalog at the National arts Center in Mt. Makiling.

Mountain Climbing
Climb the mystical mountain of Makiling where it is said that the legendary goddess, Maria Makiling, keeps watch over the bounties of the place.

Shop for Laguna’s best buys from decorative plants, cutflowers, fruit preserves to pies made of fresh young coconut meat (buko pie), abaca fiber slippers from Liliw, embroidered fabrics and finery from Lumban, lanzones fruits from Paete and Pakil, cottage cheese from Sta. Cruz, papier-mache from Paete, and freshly baked rice cakes from Biñan (puto Biñan).

Theme Parks
Linger in one of the Philippines’ finest theme parks, Enchanted Kingdom, in Sta. Rosa, Laguna where you can indulge in themed activities and fun rides for hours at affordable rates.

Old Churches
Enjoy moments of quiet worship in many of Laguna’s famous churches where, during Maytime, the statue of the Virgin Mary rolls out in a procession of beautifully dressed flower girls (sagalas), a must for photography buffs.

Batangas - From The Lowest Volcano To Deeper Dives

        A province that is famous for excellent dive sites and the world’s lowest volcano, Batangas is going nowhere but up. It is a thriving tourist destination replete with open beaches and sheltered coves, subterranean caves
and deep harbors, a preserved heritage and brave men in history.

        Found in the province is world-known Anilao and its many dive sites that are ideal for poking around and observing marine life, and outstanding for macro photography. Multi-hued crinoids are prolific. The variety of nudibranchs is unmatched. Night dives are especially nice and often reveal unusual creatures like sea hares, sea goblins, catfish eels, ghost pipe fishes, blue-ringed octopuses, mandarin fishes, and snake eels. The area’s best known dive site, coral-covered Cathedral is spectacular at night. One of the prettiest dives in the
area, Sepok has nice coral gardens and a vertical wall.

        Taal Lake and Volcano in Batangas is Southern Luzon’s centerpiece attraction. Known to be the smallest in the world, it is a volcano within an islet within a lake within a crater within a volcano. The town of Taal reigns as one of the two most culturally preserved sites of the Spanish colonial era; the other is Vigan in Ilocos Sur. The village in Taal conforms to the old town layout combining the municipal hall, school, church, and houses.

        Among the multitude of popular tourism activities to be had in the province are heritage tours, pilgrimage tours, scuba diving, shopping, mountain climbing and trekking, swimming, and snorkeling. Batangas is located only 110 kilometers south of Metropolitan Manila, and is very accessible from the national capital by land.


        The province of Batangas is bounded on the north by the provinces of Cavite and Laguna, on the south by the Verde Island passage, on the east by the provinces of Quezon and Laguna, and on the west by the South China Sea. It has a total land area of 316,580 hectares, 50% of which has a grade of less than 15 degrees. The terrain is generally rolling while the rest are mountainous and hilly.


        Batangas has a naturally cool climate. It experiences two types of seasons: dry from November to April and wet for the rest of the year. Mean annual rainfall is at its maximum in July, at 1.5 to 2.5 meters. March is the driest month. Mean monthly temperature is 82 degrees Fahrenheit. February is the coldest month, averaging 69 degrees Fahrenheit, while May is the hottest, at 96.1 degrees Fahrenheit.

Language / Dialect

Batangueños are bilingual, with Tagalog and English as the basic languages used in business, government, schools, and everyday communication.

Political Subdivision
Batangas is subdivided into 31 municipalities and 3 cities (4 Districts).

  1. ·          Agoncillo
  2. ·          Alitagtag
  3. ·          Balayan
  4. ·          Balete
  5. ·          Batangas City
  6. ·          Bauan
  7. ·          Calaca
  8. ·          Calatagan
  9. ·          Cuenca
  10. ·          Ibaan
  11. ·          Laurel
  12. ·          Lemery
  13. ·          Lian
  14. ·          Lipa City
  15. ·          Lobo
  16. ·          Mabini
  17. ·          Malvar
  18. ·          Mataas Na Kahoy
  19. ·          Nasugbu
  20. ·          Padre Garcia
  21. ·          Rosario
  22. ·          San Jose
  23. ·          San Juan
  24. ·          San Luis
  25. ·          San Nicolas
  26. ·          San Pascual
  27. ·          Santa Teresita
  28. ·          Santo Tomas
  29. ·          Taal
  30. ·          Talisay
  31. ·          Tanauan City
  32. ·          Taysan
  33. ·          Tingloy
  34. ·          Tuy


        Founded in 1581, Batangas used to be a bigger province, which was composed of the present Batangas, Mindoro, Marinduque, and the present southeastern portion of Laguna. It used to be called Balayan, with the town of Balayan as the capital.

        In the beginning of the 17th century, Marinduque and Mindoro were made into separate provinces. In 1732, the capital was transferred to Taal. Finally, in 1754, the capital was transferred to Batangas and the province was thereafter named after the new capital town.

        Batangueños are known for being adventurous, business-minded, industrious, friendly, and hospitable. They also happen to have a long-standing reputation for bravery, owing to the Balisong, a Philippine handmade fan-knife native to the province. To add to the perception, Lipa in Batangas, known as Coffee Granary of the Philippines, produces the popular Kapeng Barako, strong coffee considered fit only for strong men.

Tourist Attractions:

General Malvar Museum and Library
A national landmark, it serves as a repository of the memorabilia of the last Filpino general who surrendered to the Americans. It also houses a collection of oil paintings.

Apolinario Mabini Shrine
The national shrine is a memorial to the nationalism of Philippine hero Apolinario Mabini, known as the Sublime Paralytic, whose moral convictions and political principles illuminated the Filipinos in their search for national identity. It houses the remains and personal belongings of the late revolutionary hero who is also considered as the Brains of the Katipunan, the 1896 Filipino revolutionary movement against Spain. The shrine is located in Barrio Talaga, Tanauan, Batangas.


Museo ng Batangas at Aklatang Panlalawigan
Not merely a repository of Batangas memorabilia, the museum is also an active entity engaged in keeping alive the cultural wealth and traditions of Batangas and the Batangueño spirit that has animated the fields of arts and the sciences, politics, economics and society in the country.

Jose P. Laurel Memorial Library
The personal property of the family of the late President Jose P. Laurel, it was donated to the Philippine government as a historical site and public library. The library is open daily from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.

Marcela N. Agoncilio Historical Landmark
The site marks the birthplace of Marcela Agoncilio, who made the first official Philippine Flag during the Philippine Revolution against the Spanish authorities. The different flags of the revolution are also prominently displayed on-site.


Casa de Segunda Katigbak
The ancestral home of the Katigbaks, a prominent Batangas family, the Casa is a typical “Bahay na Bato.” It is Spanish colonial yet tropical in style. It was named after Segunda Katigbak, reputed to be the first love of Dr. Jose P. Rizal, the Philippine national hero. The Casa has been declared by the National Historical Commission as a heritage house for having harbored generations of artists, poets, and persons of learning and distinction.

Punta de Santiago Lighthouse
Built in 1890, it is one of the earliest lighthouses that still functions to date.


Pastor House
Still a private residence of the Pastor family, it is an example of turn-of-the-century residential design. It was originally owned by Mr. Alejo Acosta, the Barrio Captain of Batangas in 1883.


Flights of Steps, Taal
Connecting the Taal Church and Caysasay Shrine is a flight of 123 rough-hewn marble steps. A path branches off the steps that leads to the Santa Lucia wells, where water is believed to be medicinal.


Santa Lucia Wells
About 500 meters off the Flights of Steps past a dried creek and gloomy undergrowth are the twin wells of Sta. Lucia in Taal. The present wells used to be a brook, the site of which is said to be one of the places where the Virgin of Caysasay performed her miracles. The people built a church near the well area but an 18th century earthquake caused the church to sink, although its façade, half immersed, remained intact. After the quake, spring water gushed out of the twin doors.


Ilagan Ancestral House
It is a well-preserved residential structure constructed in the late Spanish period. It is still used by the descendants as a private residence. Visitors are accommodated only by special arrangement with the present-day owners.


Taal Heritage
Taal reigns as one of the two most culturally preserved sites of the Spanish colonial era; the other is Vigan in Ilocos sur. The village conforms to the old town layout combining municipal hall-school-church-houses. It consists of a number of tourist attractions, namely, the Leon Apacible Historical Landmark, Marcela Mariño Agoncilio Museum and Monument, Basilica of San Martin de Tours, Escuela Pia, and Church of Our Lady of Caysasay.




Leon Apacible Historical Landmark
A national landmark, the ancestral house of Leon Apacible houses the family collection of relics and memorabilia.


Marcela Mariño Agoncilio Museum and Monument
This ancestral house belonged to Marcela Agoncilio, the distinguished Taaleña matron who helped sew the first Philippine flag.

Escuela Pia
This centuries-old Spanish edifice used to be an educational institution in Hispanic times. It is now an imposing architectural legacy left standing in the plaza compound.


Ancestral Houses in San Juan:



Ancestral Houses in Balayan:


Msgr. Clemente G. Yatco Museum
The museum was built in memory of the late parish priest who started to work for the creation of the museum. It is found within the compound of the Basilica, located at the city proper.

 San Sebastian Library of the Arts
The library opened its doors on February 10, 1996 on the ground floor of SLD Bldg. on P. Torres St., near the Mt. Carmel Convent in Lipa City, starting with a modest collection of art books donated by Mr. Danilo L. Dolor.

Basilica of Saint Martin de Tours / Taal Church
Reputed to be the largest in Asia, Taal Church stands 96 meters long and 45 meters wide on a plateau in the heart of Taal. The Augustinian Missionaries started construction in 1756, and it took a century for the church to achieve its present form. The façade resembles that of the St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. Its tabernacle is made of silver, the only one of its kind in the Philippines.

Church of Our Lady of Caysasay
The Caysasay shrine in Taal is a tribute to the image of the Virgin fished out by a resident from the Pansipit River in 1603. Legend has it that the image enthroned in Taal Church used to wander through the village, performing miracles. It has become an object of annual pilgrimage, especially among the Roman Catholic devotees.

Church of San Jose
This church was built by the Augustinian friars around 1788. It has a single-aisled interior, which offers an unobstructed view of the large main altar. The altar is massive, with six rounded columns encircling the image of St. Joseph. Outside, a multi-tiered belfry stands, which was built in the later 19th century. A bridge offers passage to the church over the Malaquing Tubig River.

Tanauan Church
This church was built in 1881, along the Romanesque lines of churches in Europe, but local builders incorporated neo-classic lines, especially along the external sides of the church. Rounded arches tapering down to the strong pillars harmonize with uncluttered lines of the central ceilings. The church is remarkable for its wide-open central naves and circular niches.


Church of San Guillermo of Talisay
The construction of the church was begun by the Spanish friars in 1892 but it suffered heavy damage in 1898. Restoration has enabled the structure to be functional until today.

Church of the Immaculate Conception of Bauan
First constructed in 1700, it was built around neo-classical lines, with its walls broken by the Gothic lancet windows. The altar has a tri-centered arch, with a niche containing the statue of the Virgin Mary. The façade of the church features both geometric and circular forms. It has a bell tower, which is hexagonal, and rests on a base decorated with coupled columns. Topped by a campanile, the church is arcaded with capiz shell windows on the upper level.

Carmelite Convent of Lipa
This convent of the contemplative order of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel was the site of a mysterious “shower of petals” to a visionary nun after World War II.

Lipa Cathedral
Built in the Romanesque tradition with a circular dome, massive walls and balconies, the cathedral is the center of worship in the historic town of Lipa, Batangas. Lipa Cathedral was originally built to honor St. Sebastian. Its first grand concept was completed in 1865 but, after the devastation of WWII, it underwent massive reconstruction. This beautiful church has an architecture in which columns and light play. The domes of the church and the bell tower have intricate moldings and arched stained-glass windows. The body of the church is barred-vaulted and now illuminated by modern chandeliers. The church also features a winding stairway to the choir loft.


  Other Churches in Batangas:



 Evercrest Golf Club Resort
This golf club and resort features a deluxe hotel, lavished with world-class amenities, including stylish shops and restaurants


Calatagan Golf Club
Lauded as one of the best international championship courses in Southeast Asia, this golf club holds another unique distinction: it it located in an arboretum where over 3,000 trees, local and foreign species are planted.


  Other Landmarks & Attractions:


Falls, Mountains & Volcanoes:

Tingga Falls
The falls is about 30 feet high with a pool made into a swimming area at its base. It is semi-developed with concrete steps built for easy access.

Calijon Falls
This tourist attraction consists of two major falls and two smaller ones. One of the bigger falls is about 10 feet high, with a great volume of clear water gushing down to a shallow pool. The other one, also about 10 feet high, resembles a bridal gown. One of the two smaller falls is shower-like while the other forms a series of small cascades. All the falls are located in an area of about 300 square meters.

Ilijan Falls
It is a unique waterfalls with water coming from a big spring on top of a mountain and gracefully flowing from one bowl to another. It has seven huge stone bowls carved naturally out of the mountainsides and beautifully arranged like a flight of stairs.



Munting Buhangin Falls
This small cove has become a favorite haunt of local and foreign tourists, and offers water enthusiasts with a fine stretch of powdery white sand beach, fringed with foamy blue waters.

Bulalacao Falls
The area has about three small falls enclosed in a canyon, the highest of which is about 10 feet high, with water coming out of the mouth of a small cave.

Taal Lake and Volcano
Southern Luzon’s centerpiece attraction is Taal Lake and Volcano in Batangas. The gateway for most visitors is through Tagaytay City, from the ridge where a panoramic view of Volcano Island can be seen. The volcano is known to be the smallest in the world. Surrounded by a lake, it is situated on an 8.8-kilometer islet, lapped by the 27-kilometer-long lake. Both the lake and the volcano are situated on the crater of an extinct volcano. Volcano Island is also ideal for trekking.

Mt. Maculot
One of the highest and most prominent mountains in the province, Mt. Maculot is one of the favorite sites of mountain trekkers. It is said that the mountain was the last stronghold of the Japanese in the province before they were defeated. Several tunnels built by the Japanese soldiers are present in the area. The name Maculot, meaning kinky, was derived from the curly-haired aborigines found in the place.


Never ending Beaches:  

Gerthel Beach
Located in the town of Lobo, it is one of the finest beaches of the area. The approximately one-kilometer stretch of white sand beach has a gradually sloping ocean floor of up to about two hundred meters before the drop off.


Submarine Garden
The garden consists of living corals near the shore of one of the beaches of Lobo. It can be clearly seen during the early mornings, when the water is clear and the tide is low.

Matabungkay Beach
It is a two-kilometer long white sand beach situated in the town of Lian, facing the China Sea. The area is ideal for water sports, such as swimming, boating, yachting, fishing, and skin diving. Dotting the shoreline are several summer cottages.

Mahabang Buhangin
Located on Isla Verde, Mahabang Buhangin has an extensive stretch of shoreline with a vast ribbon of fine white sand.


Sepok Point
Located on the southwestern part of Maricaban Island, Sepok Point has white sand and shores typical of a tropical cove. It is a good place for swimming and snorkeling.







Punta Baluarte, Calatagan
A nature resort set on the rolling hills of hacienda Bigaa, Punta Baluarte offers first-rate accommodations, world class golf course and facilities.





Hugon Beach

 The white sand of Hugon Beach is one kilometer long. Some parts of the sea floor have smooth rocks but most are sandy. There is a sudden drop-off of about ten meters from the beach. The waters of the beach are also good for snorkeling.

Natipuan Beach

It bears a resemblance to Munting Buhangin, with its off-white sand and refreshing waters. It is located in another cove, which is similarly accessible.
This is a spot where wind-tossed waves surge and slam against the rocky cliff supporting a long plateau. From atop the plateau, one can catch a breath-taking view of the seascape, especially when the weather is fine.

Cueva Sitio
The site is an ideal place for picnics. Its main attraction is a rock shelter that has always provided a cool shade for visitors.


Foundation Day of Batangas Province
A program and the selection of “Mutya ng Batangas City” are the main activities during the celebration.

History and Culture Consciousness Week
A celebration depicting the history and culture of the Batangueños, it includes a photo exhibit, on-the-spot painting competition, and “Paligsahan sa Kasaysayan.”

It is a typical practice of courting a woman in the rural area. The man relays his message to his beloved through songs.

Stations of the Cross / Penetensiyahan
It provides a glimpse of the 14 stations at the foot of the mountain at Poblacion Rosario, Batangas. Christian devotees hold pilgrimages to this place during the Lenten Season.

National Arts Month
It is an annual activity aimed at showcasing the talents of Batangueños in singing, dancing, painting, and photography.

Birth Anniversary of Late President Jose P. Laurel
It is a yearly celebration commemorating the birth of the late President Jose P. Laurel.

Carera de Paso
It is held during Lent, on Holy Wednesday, in the poblacion at Calaca, Batangas. It is different from the province’s other racing competitions because only local horses from the different barangays of Calaca may join the competition.

Pabasa ng Pasyon
It is a traditional celebration of reading the “pasyon” that depicts the life and death of Jesus Christ.

Salubong / Holy Cross Festival

It is a festive celebration involving the meeting of the Holy Cross of Bauan and the Holy Cross of Alitagtag at Binukalan Shrine come 8:00 A.M. The celebration is highlighted by a program and the singing of praises to the Holy Cross, accompanied by street dancing. Finally, come 2:00 P.M., the Holy Cross of Bauan is brought back to the Parish Church of Bauan, where the jubilation culminates.

Tapusan Festival
(May; Alitatag, Batangas). It is an impressive festival during which the Holy Cross is honored on the last of May. Flowers are offered during the afternoon ceremonies, before an old cross in the town church. The observance peaks on the 31st of May with a colorful procession, during which the cross is mounted on a gaily decorated float, together with other floats bedecked with flowers carrying other Marian images. All the floats are radiantly lighted and drawn along the principal streets of the town.

Parada ng Lechon
(June 24; Balayan town, Batangas). The celebration coincides with the feast of St. John the Baptist. Lechons, or roast suckling pigs, coming from each barangay of the town are paraded, dressed in accordance with the theme of the fiesta. The parade is capped with a grand viewing of the lechons at the plaza. After the parade, the townspeople and guests partake of the fare as well as engage in water dousing.

Subli-an sa Batangas
(July 23; Batangas City, Batangas). It is held in line with the city’s Foundation Day. The festival, a brainchild of the Batangas City Cultural Affairs Board, aims to revive the centuries-old tradition of dancing the Subli, a dance indigenous to Batangas. The festival has evolved to include street dancing.

Buwan ng Wika
It is a month-long activity to campaign for the use of the Filipino language, as promoted in streamers and during a short program.

Foundation Anniversary of Lobo
Activities include street dancing, float parade and contest, the selection of Mutya ng Lobo, and cultural shows.

Birth Anniversary of Gen. Miguel Malvar
It is a commemorative event to honor the birth anniversary of the last general to surrender to the Americans.

Anihan Festival
The festival showcases the various products of the different barangays in the town of Lobo. The barangay representatives go street dancing, dressed in beautiful costumes made out of the products harvested. A search for the best costume is mounted, with fabulous prizes at stake for the winner.

Paskuhan sa Maraykit
The traditional yuletide celebration at Maraykit, San Juan, Batangas, includes the “juego de anillo,” lantern making competition, and search for the best decorated house.

Fluvial Procession at Pansipit River
(December 8-9). The Taaleños begin the celebration of their two-day town fiesta by converging at the bank of Pansipit River, where several bancas are anchored. The image of Our Lady of Caysasay is carried by the devotees in a fluvial procession on the river, through the streets of Taal, and finally, to the Basilica of Taal. On the following day, the images of Our Lady of Caysasay and St. Martin de Porres, the patron of the basilica, join the evening-long procession. During the procession, girls dressed in white stop at street corners and hail the Virgin Mary by reciting “luwa,” or praises, until the procession rends at the basilica, where it is welcomed by spectacular fireworks and different bands.

Coffee Festival
The festival was conceived to showcase the long reign of Lipa as the coffee granary of the Philippines. It includes a trade fair and tiangge, the Karera ng Tiburin, a search for the Barako ng Bayan, and parlor games.

Special Interest:


Ligpo Island. - Corals of different types and huge gorgonians abound in the area. It is on the west side of the island.

Cathedral -Approximately 75 feet south of the Dive, 7000 Resort area lies a giant rock formation that looks like an underwater amphitheater. Originally virtually barren, Cathedral has been seeded with coral from other sites. Throngs of eager fish gather around visiting divers, waiting to be fed.

Caban Cove - This dive site is fairly sheltered. There are no exotic coral formations, plenty of small tropical fish, and an interesting small drop-off that goes down in graduated “steps.” This is good choice for shallow dives.

Layag-Layag Point  -There are coral heads teeming with life and the water is usually crystal clear. There are also enough things to see to keep snorkelers interested.

Sombrero Island - The island’s external appearance resembles the shape of a hat. However, underwater, its profile makes its name even more appropriate. In certain areas, water is fairly shallow on the rim, down to about 50 feet.

Sepok - The rim of the drop-off west-southwest to Sepok Point is a very good dive site, with many varieties of marine life.

Batalan  - This area breaks the surface and then drops down to about 80 feet. This is a marvelous area for both wide angle and macro-photography because of the abundant and varied coral formations and fish life.

Merriel’s Rock - There are types of corals numerous enough to fascinate even a marine biologist.

Papaya Point - There is a drop-off topped by a wide variety of corals and inhabited by lots of small reef fish.

Verde Island  - The most popular dive sites here are the Drop-off (0-300 feet) and the Spanish galleon, which ran aground in 1620.

Maricaban / Tingloy - The island contains a cave at 125 feet, accessed by the tunnel, which makes for a challenging adventure. There are excellent coral formations, abundant pelagic fish, and other outstanding photographic opportunities.


Evercrest Golf Club Resort - This golf club and resort features a deluxe hotel, lavished with world-class amenities, including stylish shops and a restaurant.

Punta Baluarte, Calatagan - A nature resort set on the rolling hills of hacienda Bigaa, Punta Baluarte offers first-rate accommodations, world-class golf course and facilities.

Calatagan Golf Club - Lauded as one of the best international championship courses in Southeast Asia, this golf club holds another unique distinction: it is located in an arboretum where over 3,000 trees of local and foreign species are planted.


Mt. Maculot  -  One of the highest mountains in Batangas, Mt. Maculot has always been a favorite among mountaineers and trekkers alike. The name of the place was derived from “kulot,” meaning kinky, in reference the kinky hair of the people who lived in the mountains.

Taal Volcano  -  The lowest volcano in the world is surrounded by a lake. It is accessible by boat from at least seven towns surrounding the lake. Tour agencies as well as some Tagaytay resorts offer tour packages to the lake. Jump-off point is Agoncillo, Batangas.

Shopping  - Department stores in the heart of Batangas City offer a myriad of goods, ranging from kitchenware and household appliances to fruits and handicrafts. The shops that litter the province showcase the artistry of Batangueños. In Taal town, the Barong Tagalog (local embroidered dress shirts for men made of jusi, piña, or pineapple fibers) features intricate cutwork and crochet insertions. The balisong (Philippine handmade fan-knife) as well as rattan, bamboo, and woodcrafts are also excellent buys.

Aquasports - Most resorts offer a wide range of watersports, such as jetskiing, hobbycat, boardsailing, windsurfing, and the like.

Air Sports  - The Manny Barradas Air Strip is the official jump-off point of the Parachutist Association of the Philippines. The airfield features a parachuting field measuring a length of 1,800 feet, width of 45 meters, field elevation of 300 feet, and heading of 05 degrees to 23 degrees. Facilities include 11 single engine airplanes, 4 crop sprayers, 2 flying schools, and 5 charter planes. Airplane types include 6 Cessna 206, 2 Beechcraft Sundowners, and 3 Pipers.

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